This week marks twelve years since the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 which marked a historic turning point in the nation’s history, as the people took to the streets to demand change and an end to political and economic corruption. Twelve years after the revolution, Egyptians are reflecting on the achievements and challenges of the past decade.
The events of January 25, 2011 began as a peaceful demonstration, with protesters calling for the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak, who had ruled Egypt for 30 years. As the protests grew in size and intensity, they quickly spread to other cities across the country, eventually leading to the downfall of the Mubarak regime on February 11.
The revolution was driven by a variety of factors, including widespread poverty, high unemployment, political repression, and a lack of freedom of speech and assembly. The youth, in particular, played a significant role in the revolution, using social media and other digital tools to organize and mobilize the masses.
Despite the initial euphoria that accompanied Mubarak’s resignation, the past decade has been characterized by political turbulence and economic struggles. The nation has gone through multiple elections and changes in leadership, with some Egyptians expressing disappointment at the lack of meaningful progress on the key issues that drove the revolution.
One of the most significant challenges facing Egypt in the post-revolution period has been the struggle to create a more inclusive and democratic political system. The country has experienced a series of setbacks in this area, including the 2013 military coup that overthrew the democratically elected government, the widespread use of repression against opposition voices, and the restrictions placed on freedom of speech and assembly. Egypt has also lost its share of the Nile basin, some natural gas as well as strategic assets which have crippled the country’s prosperity.
Egypt has struggled steps to address economic issues, such as inflation and unemployment, and has instead had to rely on contributions from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Egypt has been hit particularly bad by the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war, with Egypt being one of the largest wheat importers. As a result, a lot of Egypt’s identity has been lost as it seeks foreign assistance as it struggles to provide its citizens with basic services such as education and healthcare.
As Egyptians reflect on the twelfth anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, it is clear that the country still faces significant challenges in terms of political stability and economic development. However, many Egyptians remain optimistic about the future, and are committed to continuing the work of the revolution, to create a more just and equitable society for all.
The Egyptian Revolution of 2011 was a momentous event that continues to shape the country’s political and economic landscape. While there have been setbacks and challenges, the past decade has also seen positive developments, and many Egyptians remain hopeful that they can build a better future for their nation.